Placing schools at the heart of contemporary transformations
Our complex world of systems is challenging the limits of human intelligence as we enter an age of ubiquitous artificial intelligence. Collective intelligence and creativity have become the drivers of a knowledge-based economy. Agility is becoming crucial. In the absence of comforting knowledge and predictability, education can no longer be viewed as a commodity to be stockpiled, but rather in terms of flow. The absorption of a set amount of knowledge, passed down from above and attested by a diploma, no longer leads to automatic employment.
Since antiquity, educational approaches have been associated with architectural forms: Socrates and the Agora, Plato’s Academy, Aristotle’s Lyceum, the Garden of Epicurus... Over the centuries, universities have developed the typology of the campus, a self-contained world of education. Is this configuration always appropriate? A long tradition of seclusion and verticality challenges us to find a form for flow-based teaching. What kind of architecture is appropriate for what kind of teaching? What place should schools hold within cities?
Business schools are faced with the challenge of training students for professions that do not yet exist, for a world drawn along ever-shifting lines, in a context of global competition between higher education institutions. emlyon business school aspires to create a hub from which the school will shine on an international scale (with campuses in Saint-Étienne, Paris, Casablanca, Shanghai, and Bhubaneswar).
An innovative educational approach
emlyon business school is committed to challenging traditional educational models. The Early Makers program addresses contemporary changes through flow-based pedagogy, where learners become active protagonists in their own learning, co-creating their education. They are invited to think and act differently from others and to dare to experiment. The boundaries between teacher, learner and professional become porous, paving the way to lifelong learning.
The pedagogical vision underlying the Early Makers program is inspired by Ken Wilber's holistic organizational concept, which is based around two fundamental principles: the relationship between the individual and the collective on the one hand, and the relationship between the inside and the outside on the other. When applied to teaching, this matrix provides a tool for reflecting upon the qualities that must be acquired in a changing world. Emotional intelligence must complement technical mastery to create individuals who are in control of their personal development, and united by common values. The ambition is to find coherence between the architectural project and this matrix by going beyond the campus model to that of the hub.
A response through collective intelligence
For PCA-STREAM, the challenge posed by emlyon business school—what should the architectural form of the school of the future be? —goes above and beyond the construction of a building. To explore the underlying issues, the studio put together a unique team and initiated a long-term exploratory program on the transformations of knowledge, academia, and schools in general.
The team harnessed the expertise of the architects of PCA-STREAM but also the Stream Lab, which has been engaged in a multidisciplinary research program for more than ten years. SCI-Arc’s think tank and students helped us revisit the archetypal forms of schools that have existed since ancient times. Eranos conducted a sociological analysis to identify the dimensions of representation and imagination at play. The BETC communications agency, well-known for providing spaces that promote creativity, has helped us develop a shared vision. PCA-STREAM’s interior designers teamed up with designer Ramy Fischler to analyze the new interfaces between the physical and the digital in space planning.
The project of the Early Makers Hub is the result of the hybridization of multiple experiences, which allowed us to take the intended uses as a starting point and to give precedence to the understanding of educational issues rather than architectural form.
A spatial embodiment of the Early Makers program
Spatially embodying emlyon’s educational strategy while integrating the specifics of the site and the Lyon area required a tailored approach. Addressing the Early Makers vision led us to design a complex like no other, far removed from traditional business schools.
1. A Hybrid Hub That Is Lively and Versatile
Our architectural approach takes the Early Makers program as its starting point: we analyzed the educational project of emlyon business school summarizing and describing the needs and spaces according to two typologies: maximum versatility and intense life. Versatility is achieved by drawing inspiration from contemporary office spaces, thanks to efficient and ultra-flexible generic typology. The building is designed to be adaptable to different teaching formats, and to those formats as they evolve over time, as well as to allow for a variety of spaces to combine collective activities and time for introspection and expression. The intense life is reflected in the typology of the street, a space of hyper-socialization and community that complements artificial and individual intelligence through emotional and collective intelligence.
The combination of these typologies in the context of the Gerland site generated the architectural form: four building complexes between Avenue Jean-Jaurès and Allée Fontenay, brought together and distributed by a central street and its spectacular core, the Cœur Battant. The typologies of business schools, art schools, shopping malls, corporations and event halls are hybridized in a building that is perfectly embedded in the district of Gerland.
2. An Open Building and Tool Combined
The Early Makers Hub is an ultra-efficient and flexible combined building/tool, which enjoys a porous relationship with the city. It is precisely the opposite of the educational ivory tower with its siloed knowledge. It forms a space that is open to life, its neighborhood and the metropolis, as well as to businesses and events.
The inner street provides the school’s daily flows and important moments with rhythm. Between Avenue Jean-Jaurès and Allée Fontenay, the street creates connections between residents and users. The ramp highlights the physical interpenetration of the city and the school. A through street, overhanging and crossing the inner street, allows the district’s mesh of mobilities to remain unbroken and adds drama to the school’s activities. The food court provides the main catering venue for everyone using the Hub, as well as for the surrounding neighborhood. At the corner of the north-south through street, the bakery offers a convenient on-the-go catering option, as does the Café Jaurès on the plaza. On the ground floor, spaces are dedicated to corporate partnerships. They break down the traditional boundaries of the school and put businesses at the heart of the learner's transformation process.
3. A Collaborative Ecosystem That Is a Catalyst for Creativity
The Early Makers Hub is organized around the core feature of Cœur Battant, an active place for collective emulation. It serves all areas and opens onto the garden via the restaurant area. It is both quotidian and exceptional, hosting events and the key collective moments of the school.
Crossing Paths in Order to Innovate
The Early Makers Hub develops a flow-based logic that boosts interactions in order to create a real community. Everything is conceived with a view to promoting interactions, serendipity and collective intelligence.
Test to Learn
A series of specific spaces caters for the needs of a generation of learners who are protagonists in their own education, who use “test and learn” and prototyping. The experimental and creative spaces include the Learning Hub, the em Studio and the Makers Lab.
4. Powerful Architecture That Is Also Human, Lively, and Metabolic
The Early Makers Hub was conceived as a symbol of the renewal of the Gerland district, the dynamism of the Lyon metropolis and the ambitions of emlyon business school. It represents a beacon for students all over the world, reinforcing the attractiveness of emylon in the global competition between business schools.
Faithful to PCA-STREAM's non-formal approach, the Early Makers Hub rejects gratuitous design. Non-extravagant, even frugal, it derives its architectural ambition from the perfect match between a programmatic vision and the transcription of that vision into the design.
An Inspiring Space for Community and Collective Intelligence
The development of digital technologies and the rise of online courses could have threatened the physical space of the school, but instead they underscore its importance as a place for exchange and experience. The Early Makers Hub provides a community space for collective intelligence. An inspiring place of life and emulation of which learners will be proud and in which they will become active protagonists in the unleashing of their potential for creation and innovation.
The abundant access to green outdoor spaces and the quality of the landscaped areas reflect a metabolic approach to building that creates a new relationship with nature. The Hub is actively involved in urban renewal and the exemplary environmental performance of the neighborhood. It provides multiple facilities, including a living roof, meadows to mitigate pollution, rooftop solar power generation, to name but a few. Versatile and conceived with future reconversion and shifting uses in mind, the Hub approaches sustainability through the lens of common sense, also to be found in the passive solar design of the terraced south-facing façades.
|Location||Parvis Jean-Jaurès, Gerland — Lyon 7|
|Surface area||30 000 sqm|
|Team||— Promoteur : ALTAREA COGEDIM
— Architecte mandataire : PCA-STREAM
— Architecte de réalisation : INSOLITES ARCHITECTURES
— Experts : BETC, SCI-ARC, RF STUDIO, ERANOS
— BET Structure : ILIADE INGÉNIERIE
— BET Fluides : TEM PARTNERS
— BET Façades : ARCORA
— BET Acoustique : AVEL ACOUSTIQUE
— SSI et Sécurité : CSD & ASSOCIÉS
— Sûreté : RISK&CO GROUP
— Économiste : ILIADE INGÉNIERIE
— AMO Environnement : ARTELIA
— AMO R2S : DEERNS
— Paysagiste : BASE PAYSAGISTE
— Contrôle technique : SOCOTEC